An audit in the field of information technology in an organization involves the collection, analysis and provision of information to the management of the organization about the current state in the field of IT, about the risks that arise as a result of the operation of IT technologies, and the development of recommendations to minimize these risks and improve the quality of functioning of IT subsystems.
The procedure for an audit (survey) of the information technology sector in a company involves the collection, analysis and provision of information to the company’s management about the current state of the IT sector, about the risks associated with the “problem areas” of information subsystems, and the issuance of recommendations to reduce these risks and improve the quality of functioning of the subsystems …
The objectives of an IT audit may, in particular, be:
- analysis of used IT solutions for compliance with the company’s business requirements; organization of an information system adequate to business objectives;
- assessment of the company’s information system for functional completeness and compliance with international standards; system assessment according to non-functional criteria;
- analysis of the development and implementation of information systems; maintenance and technical support processes;
- assessment of the total cost of ownership and return on investment in IT;
- analysis of problems in the information system and proposed solutions.
IT audit can be the first step in solving the problems of cost optimization and risk reduction of IT projects, when conducting an audit of the information security system, etc.
In most cases, an IT audit is associated with the modernization of the enterprise, the expansion of the business through mergers or acquisitions, as well as in connection with the change of management personnel.
The main benefits that an organization can gain from an IT audit are:
- «transparent» description of the structure of the IT service and the tasks it solves;
- recommendations on the use of IT resources (both technological and human);
- recommendations for solving technological problems;
- recommendations for information security.
Even if at the time of completion of the audit the enterprise does not have the resources to implement all the recommendations, having a strategic IT development plan will definitely come in handy in the long term.